Soil Contamination, How Does It Effect The Inhabitants

Soil contamination must be eradicated to ensure that the best produce is grown for consumption, (most important for organic farmers) first it has to be proved that the land and soil are of good quality, there are several things making up the soil, the basic organic material in the area that soil is made of, such as granite or limestone, then there are organisms that decompose like leaves, critter droppings, etc, the location of the land and elevation bottom of the valley or on a mountain slope, climate is also an important factor.


What happens when plants grow in contaminated soil? What happens when the plants are eaten?


It depends on what type of soil, the kind of toxins present and the severity of the soil contamination, as to how much or what enters the plant, basically sandy soil is less likely to hold on to chemicals, whereas soil containing more organic matter such as peat moss will hold on to contaminants more readily this has the effect of altering the metabolic state of the microorganisms soil is comprised of, thus the contaminates enter the food chain.


Soil contamination can also effect those who touch it, depending on the contaminant, when small animals borrow or humans dig in it, then if the soil becomes dry the contaminated dust particles can be inhaled, occasionally some serve contaminants in dust form, are absorbed into the skin.


What causes soil contamination?


Well there’s oil spills, pipe line leaks, toxic spills land that has been used previously for things such as factories, mining, gas stations and airports, all of these have contaminated soil beneath them, the heaps of unnatural stuff in the land fills leaching into the ground, in some countries crops are still sprayed with very toxic pesticides, over use of fertilizers, all these things are causing soil contamination around the world. When there are natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes and tsunamis facilities that hold toxins, oil and other chemicals become damaged or destroyed, their leaks and spills cause soil contamination, roughly 10 mi. of land southeast of New Orleans became contaminated, when over 1 million gallons of oil soaked into the earth after a hurricane, destroyed some holding facilities.


What are the concerns and health problems?


China has little legislation in place for the protection of land to guard against soil contamination, unfortunately it seems that over a 10th of the land has soil contamination, land is being irrigated by polluted water, the effects of soil contamination are devastating on people’s health causing kidney and liver problems and even leukemia.


That are thousands of sites with land pollution in North America and even greater numbers in other countries, some have not yet been identified whereas the United Kingdom has many legislative measures to prevent health issues from soil contamination, there are regulations in place for land use, from parks and playgrounds housing projects to allotment, as they understand the effect of soil contamination.

Environmental degradation and pollution

With the increasing awareness day by day about the environmental degradation and pollution, the field of ecology has become an entirety in itself. The pace with which this stream of environmental science has progressed has invented a lot of newer terms with meanings totally unrelated to the common words. This demands the need for a dictionary that is exclusively designed for the purpose of housing terms related to ecology. This can be otherwise called as the ecology dictionary.

Ecology is all about how environment is maintained, degrades, and destroyed by human beings and the various harmful effects that come associated with the ecological imbalance. The gravity of this ecological imbalance has been well understood by the ecologists, one of the consequences of this is the emergence of newer terminologies in the science of ecology.

The actual beneficiaries of this ecology dictionary would be more than actually targeted. Now with the widespread campaigns towards a green future, more number of common people is exposed to these newly framed terminologies. So an ecology dictionary would be of great help to ecologists, scientists, students, and teachers and of course the common people.

Suppose you have to present a paper on the effects of ozone depletion, then surely you would have to confront a lot of newer terms like afforestation, deforestation, etc. it is not at all possible to find out the meanings of all this stuff in a normal dictionary. But with an ecology dictionary your job would be very easy.

Knowing all the terms and keeping yourself updated would mean that you can be well versed with the different terms in usage and their real meanings. This would help you in understanding things better and in the right meaning. With the exact meaning known, it would be very easy to under the various concepts of ecology.

What exactly is the purpose of knowing all these terms better! The clarity of concepts is essential in understanding science. For example you are reading an article on global warming where a lot of scientific terms have been used. Now you may read the article but with a lot of missing links. This can be solved only by having a good knowledge about the meaning of the words used. Next time when you are going to read or present a paper on the subject of ecology, do not forget to get a copy of the ecology dictionary.

GoGreen Farms-Tuberose Basics

Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) is an aromatic flower widely grown in the plains of India and blooms profusely during the summer and rains. The name reflects the fact that the plant is grown from tubers; hence, tuber-ose (and not tube-rose). Like gladioli these are tall flowers with stem length of 80 to 100 cm and spike length of 30 cm in medium size. The large size has stem length of 100 to 120 cm with spike length of about 40-45 cm. The stem contains waxy white flowers (Double Pearl) and pure white flowers (Single Mexican) borne in pairs along the spike. Apart from the flower and bulbs which have good commercial value, the essential oils extracted from tuberose are widely used in perfume industry. As its Indian name indicates “Rajanigandha” (rajani-night, gandha-fragrance) emits its enchanting fragrance all through the night.

The demand for tuberose bulbs and flowers is on the rise in the European Union which is the largest importer of tuberose bulbs. The countries that import the bulk of the tuberose bulbs are the Netherlands, UK, Italy, Spain and Germany, while Poland is a potentially upcoming market. Tuberose bulbs are in great demand in the USA also.

The two well-known tuberose varieties are Single Mexican and The Double Pearl. The former is preferred for its enticing fragrance, while the Double Pearl is preferred in flower arrangements due to the density of the flowers on its spikes. The Pearl also exudes fragrance characteristic of the tuberose, but to a lesser extent than the Single Mexican variety. Several Indian hybrid varieties are also widely grown. Notable among these are Rajat Rekha and Swarna Rekha in single flowered and double flowered tuberose respectively. In Rajat Rekha there are silvery white streaks along the middle of the blade, while golden-yellow streaks are there on the margins of the blade in Swarna Rekha (rajat meaning silver and swarna meaning gold in Hindi). There are other varieties also like Prajwal (Single) and Vaibhav (Double).

Tuberose is easy to propagate, requires minimum maintenance and yields flowers for about three years once bulbs are planted. The bulb size is graded in a similar way as in gladiolus. In India, with ordinary 6/8 and 8/10 size bulbs it is possible to harvest flowers regularly for three years with a single batch of bulbs. Large size bulbs are highly priced and in great demand. Since it is a rhizome, you can recover bulbs manifold and replant or sell them.

The bulbs remain dormant during the winter months in places where the temperature is low and if early planting is desired, the dormancy can be successfully broken by dipping the bulbs in 4% thiourea solution for one hour. Normally, tuberose begins to flower three months after planting of bulbs. It flowers mainly during the summer and rains (April-September) in India and from May to July on the hills; while in milder climate, it flowers well throughout the year. Harvesting is done from November through March in the Gangetic plains in the sub-Himalayan belt.

It’s not easy being green – But it can be done!

How to be more environmentally friendly is a challenge facing all businesses these days, not just us in the storage industry. Below, Daniel Beer of The Store Room, whos Manchester self storage site were the winners of the Environmental Awareness Award, explains what his company has been doing to try and keep things green.

Environmental assessment

The Store Room is a self storage company based in the North West of England, and as a relatively well established but still growing business, over the past few years we have become more and more aware that reducing our impact on the environment was going to be increasingly important in the future. So what did we do? Well, firstly we took a really good look at where we were using the most energy at our sites and how we could reduce this without affecting the service and security we offer our customers.


The first and most obvious area to be looked at was the lighting at our storage sites. With sites of up to 90,000 square feet in size, making sure that the sites are well lit can be a high energy-use proposition. This is where we made use of technology and fitted all lights in our storage areas with sensor activators, which meant that the lights would only come on when they were needed. The amount of energy that making this simple change can save is incredible. As well as looking at our internal lighting, we examined how we were using our external floodlights and signage lighting at our Manchester storage site as well, and by making a few simple adjustments to the timings on these, we were able to save more than a few kilowatts


At all of our locations we sell a large amount of packaging and especially storage boxes. In this area as well we have made a concerted effort to go green and today at The Store Room the boxes we sell all come from at least 75% recycled materials. These boxes are exactly the same in terms of strength and quality as our previous white boxes but are so much better for the environment (plus they can be used over and over again).

Cutting down on paper

On the administrative side, over the last year we have switched to an almost exclusively paperless billing system at our self storage sites all we had to do was make sure we asked all our customers if they had an email address. Simple as that! This has the added advantage of saving time as well as paper.

Carbon footprint

By following the simple steps described above we have been able to dramatically reduce our carbon footprint, saving time, money and most importantly the planet! I would also recommend speaking to someone like the Carbon Trust, who can provide a wealth of free advice and resources.

Puppy Crate Training Your New Furry Friend

The entire family can take part in puppy crate training. Puppy crate training is becoming the most popular alternative. Utilizing the crate is harmless and successful. Heres a look at that and additional options.

Crates are something like indoor dog houses. They keep puppies protected, relaxed plus confined. They are less likely to have mishaps in a small space. Its a good idea to select the smallest crate feasible. You might have to purchase a larger one as the pup grows, but you can repeatedly discover a second hand one which continues to be in good condition.

One important thing to remember for puppy crate training is when they are young; they shouldn’t be left alone in their crates for in excess of two hours at a time. This will necessitate some creative scheduling for people that are on the go, but their bladders are small. They simply cannot “hold it” for more than a few hours at a time.

If your pup does have an calamity, do not penalize. The old idea of rubbing your dogs nose in the wet spot has demonstrated to be ineffective. They don’t ascertain faster by being punished. They learn fastest through optimistic reinforcement.

An ancient option for puppy crate training for those people who must leave their puppies unattended for long durations of time, is to utilize a newspaper to hide the floor of the area where the pup would consume the day. Today, there are absorbent pads to replace the smelly newspaper.

You might decide to use a doggy daycare center or have a puppy sitter come in and stay while you’re absent. No matter how you deal with your puppys alone time, when puppy crate training, there are particular things you will require to when you are home together. First thing in the morning, escort your pup outside. After holding it all night, he will likely be ready to go. When he does go in the suitable place, compliment him and say “Good boy!”

In order for puppy crate training to be successful, it’s essential to provide them as much outdoor time as probable. During this time, you may also instruct the pup to walk on a leash. So, the outdoor time essentially serves two purposes. Even if you live on a big ranch or possess a enormous fenced in backyard, there will be times when you must walk your pup on a leash.

Whenever doable, you should take a young pup out every two hours. When you praise the pup every time he goes where he should, then he’ll soon learn what it is that you desire.

Earn Good Cash From Your Non Working Phones

I was searching for a mobile recycling company when I came to know about the importance recycling, which helps the environment to go green. I have found many more including Fonebank, Mazuma, Mopay, Envirofone, MobilePhoneXchange and Fonehub recycling companies in the UK. These are London-based recycling companies providing easy, comfortable and fast service to the customers throughout the year.

Every year mobile phone users earn good amount of cash for recycling their mobiles with them which has been paid around multi million to the customers last year. When I decided to recycle my phone, I just followed the procedure step wise to sell mobile phones given at their portal services.

First of all, the phone, which I sent to them was tested and then a cheque was issued based on the condition of the phone. Naturally a mobile phone in working condition will get you more money than a non-working phone. But that doesnt mean that the phones in broken or non-working condition are worthless. They can also earn good cash but it is important to decide the condition of your mobile first. I earned good cash by selling my non working phones to Fonebank.

Generally companies identify both the conditions in the following way:

Phones in Working condition:

The power switch of the mobile phone must operate properly and the phone should not have any crack in it. All the key-in buttons should be in the right place and the LCD too has to be in proper working condition without any damage or missing pixels. Touch screens of the Smart phones should be fully functional though non-functioning of battery is acceptable.

Phones in Non-working condition:

The old and unused phones you send for recycling should not be broken or bent and the LCD liquid should also be intact. In smart phones, its camera, multimedia players etc should be in place. Hence, depending on its condition you can anticipate the price you will be offered for selling your mobile phone.

So, just dont let your old phones sit idly into the cupboards. Recycle the phones instead and get monetary benefit from the unused phones. All companies websites will provide you with further information.

Making the most out of personal loans

Human needs are endless. You cant expect that your each and every wish will materialise. However, personal loans can help you fulfill many of your financial needs. The versatility of these loans cannot be doubted. Your life may not be smooth; a lot of ifs and buts may be there; but these loans are always smooth and flawless, helping you out in most of the situations.

Whether your home needs to be improved or you want to go on holidays, the money is always a big factor. If you have enough savings, all is good and well. But, if savings are already depleted then try borrowing money from some lender. The lenders should also understand that they provide loans quickly or else the purpose of the loan may be defeated as far borrowers are concerned. In this competitive age, the time is of utmost essence. If any lender does not provide fast and quick services, the consumer will shift to a better competitor.

The modern version of personal loans online personal loans makes the loan process a lot easier. Using an online loan application, you can apply for a loan and tell the lender about your financial requirements. The lender may come up with a plan that is suitable to your needs. A better way to take out a personal loan is to apply with several lenders so that you can have a choice to make a good decision.

Many people are using personal loans to improve their homes. A survey conducted by Dynamic Markets for GE Money Home Lending in May shows that how people can increase the value of their homes. The survey lists top ten improvements that can be done to increase your homes value. If you carry out a loft conversion, it will help you in adding 22,300 pounds to your home on an average. Similarly, you can use personal loans in various other ways and make the most out of them.

Corporate Recycling Programs Are Saving the Environment – Are You Doing Your Part

Companies that use recycling bins and participate in the programs behind them are helping to save the environment. These innocent looking recycling containers represent the new paradigm in waste management and are emblems of the push to go green across the country. Green waste management programs are one of the best initiatives any company or town could ever implement to have a positive impact on the environment both locally and globally. Every business that takes part plays an important role in the overall success of waste programs that strengthen the environment.

How Recycling Containers Help Companies Shrink Their Carbon Footprints

Businesses across all industries are seeing new pushes for greener operations. Waste plays a significant role in determining a company’s carbon footprint. Each piece of garbage that leaves an office has to be replaced by a manufacturer; for example, every plastic drink bottle that is thrown out is another bottle that has to be manufactured for another beverage.

Recycling containers are essential in reusing waste. Post consumer products save raw materials and the energy associated with their harvest and processing. By reducing the burden for new fabrication of goods, manufacturing energy is saved in the process as well. Also consider the energy used to ship materials and goods that can be saved in addition.

Recycling Bins That Preserve The Land

Landfills have become a hot topic lately. As we generate more and more waste every year, more land is spent on creating landfills. The problem becomes greater each year. These landfills take up precious land resources and also carry the risk of contamination of surrounding communities and water sources. In addition, who wants another landfill in their town?

Recycling containers and programs keep waste from ever hitting a landfill. Each piece of trash that doesn’t end up in a landfill means one more parcel of land available for productive use or preservation. Waste programs today can handle almost any type of garbage from paper and plastic to glass and metal. Waste centers can properly dispose of harmful spent products like batteries, consumer electronics, grease and oil, and other chemicals. Keeping this type of waste out of landfills keeps the environment safe and people healthy. Industry and businesses in particular can play a major role in keeping landfills empty.

Green Jobs And A Green Economy

These waste programs also have a big impact on local economies. All of the trash that ends up being recycled means another processing facility that creates new raw materials and goods. These facilities mean new jobs and opportunities and offer an economic benefit for going green.

Green jobs are going to be a big component of job growth going forward into new economies. They will help provide for families and preserve the environment at the same time. Green technology investments also attract government incentives and allow companies to play a role in corporate stewardship and responsibility.

Recycling bins and green waste programs are a win-win situation for the environment, business, and people.

Living Green And The Future

In this article I want to take a look at two possible worlds. One, a world where everyone has embraced the living green way of life and the other where living green never quite caught on. I just want to say up front that these two worlds arent based on any research by experts. These are merely forecasts as I see them based on my observations.

First lets look at a future world that is a result of everybody embracing the living green way of life. In this world everybody is happier and healthier. Because of usage of alternative fuels and energies theres cleaner air due to the lack of carbon and other harmful emissions. With cleaner air and eating more fresh fruits and vegetables people started feeling better and exercising more, which made them healthier.

With the reduction of toxic emissions along with the reduction of trees being killed and more being planted the ozone was able to repair itself, which averted the green house effect and also helped us rid ourselves of deceases caused by exposure to harmful sun rays.

Because of using cleaner energy sources we were able to stop water pollution, which gave us more fish as a food resource, which also makes you healthier. As you know when youre healthy and happy youre friendlier, which reduced violence.

Is this future world possible? Maybe not in the near future, but if we all adopted living green as a why of life our future generation could live in this world.

Now lets see what a future world might be where living green didnt catch on. The population has been greatly reduced because of illness, violent crime and war. The ozone is greatly damaged. That and the polluted air cause people to spend most of their time inside. Wars are fought to control the depleting energy resources and only the ultra rich can afford to buy gas.

Pollution of our water and land for toxic chemicals being dumped from industrial factories has greatly reduced our food supplies causing rationing and an increase in violent crime in order to have something to eat. Brown outs and even black outs are commonplace in order to stretch our energy reserves. Global warming has melted the polar caps causing a sever change in our climate. The prognosis for this world is very bleak.

Both of these future worlds may or may not be an exaggeration of what could be, but how close are they? What do you think a future world would be like if living green is embraced or if it is rejected?

The Little Known Unique Properties of Scalar Energy

Despite being somewhat “out there,” the creation of scalar energy is quite simple to understand. Dr. Valerie Hunt. PhD, Professor Emeritus at UCLA, one of the leading researchers at the in the human bio-energy field, says it’s created when two opposing forces of common electromagnetic waves collide. As soon as the two opposing forces collide, they immediately cancel one another out, creating a stationary or static form of energy we know as scalar energy.

Two of the most important properties of scalar energy is that one, it is not Hertzian, meaning it cannot be measured as regular electromagnetic waves can, and two, it is non-linear like regular electromagnetic waves. This energy is in a class of its own with many distinguishing properties.

One of the more fascinating properties of scalar energy is that unlike most forces that occur in the world such as waves, rolling objects, or any directional force, scalar energy does not decay or diminish over time. Also, the motion of scalar energy differs from that of regular electromagnetic waves. Regular waves tend to be sent out in beams, or running through cables. Scalar energy radiates outwards from the point of collision with another wave, which resembles circles.

Another extremely rare and unique quality of scalar energy is that the space the energy equals is not a vacuum, meaning, the energy is unbounded to anything and can freely move through any solid object.

The space that scalar energy fills tends to be networks of harmoniously balanced energies. Yet another rare quality of scalar energy is that it is freely created throughout the universe, or can be manually created via the collision of electromagnetic waves.

As previously mentioned, a distinguishable property of scalar energy is that, unlike regular electromagnetic waves, scalar energy cannot be measured in Hertz. The only way to be able to view the effect that scalar energy has or to measure its concentration, is through techniques such as Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV), or Kirlian photography.

Within the next few years, more and more information on the unique properties will be available, discovering even more useful ways for us to harness and benefit from the powers of scalar energy.