Garden Plans For Beginner’s – Getting Your Garden Started

This garden plans for beginner’s article shows you key success factors for your garden, and how to lay out and build your backyard garden for maximum production and efficiency.

Success Factors
There are a few key success factors that apply to all our (and your) garden plans:

Success Factor 1: Organic all the way
There is really no other option than ‘organic’ to consider for your home garden, especially if your kids will be helping you. You do not need chemical pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers to have a beautiful and productive vegetable garden. Passive and preventative methods of controlling garden pests such as companion planting, row covers, and crop rotation are very effective in avoiding pest problems. Hand picking or benign sprays such as plain water or a soap and water solution can deal with the pests that do appear. You can add grass clippings, leaves and compost to your garden to maintain fertility. So go organic, the planet (and your kids) will thank you.

Success Factor 2: Make your bed
All of our garden plans use raised beds for maximum productivity and efficiency. Raised beds provide good soil drainage, they provide the extra depth of soil that helps grow strong plants, and raised beds avoid soil compaction; once you make your raised bed you don’t walk on it again. Raised beds also warm up sooner in the spring. Finally, if you are going to add compost or aged manure to your garden, you can put it just in the growing beds and not in walkways.

Success Factor 3: Get your orientation
The best layout for your home garden is to orient the ‘long side’ running east and west; that is, your garden should face south (or as close to it as you can get). This will let you place your plants strategically; you can put taller or trellised crops like cucumbers, peas, pole beans and tomatoes on the north side of your garden, where they won’t shade shorter crops that need a lot of sun. Later in the season, you can use the space in the bed behind the tall crops to provide some shade to crops that don’t like too much hot sun e.g. lettuces, broccoli, cabbage.

Now dig this
Now that you have your garden oriented properly, its time to get digging to make those beds. This does not have to be hard work. We suggest you keep your first garden small, perhaps 6′ x 8′, or about 50 square feet. You can get a lot of food from garden plans this size.

Here’s how to build your 6′ x 8′ super productive garden; this whole process should take perhaps 1-2 hours:

1 – pick your spot, and use stakes and string to mark out an area about 8′ x 10′, with the long side running east-west. Note this is bigger than your ‘finished size’ of 6′ x 8′ because you will move soil from around the perimeter to form raised beds.

2 – use a sod lifter or spade to remove the sod from this area. put the sod in your compost pile

3 – dig or rototill the whole area to one spade-depth, or about 9-10 inches deep.

4 – shovel a path about one spade-width (12 inches or so) running east and west across the middle of the bed; put the soil on the north side of the bed

5 – rake and shovel loose soil from about one foot around your garden perimeter; put the soil into the 6′ x 8′ finished garden area, in both the south and north beds.

6 – rake the two beds smooth, removing any stone or debris, and pulling any weeds

Timing is everything
Begin digging your garden any time after the soil is dry enough to work i.e. moist is OK, but not soggy. In my area we can usually start 3-4 weeks before our last frost date.

And here’s a special tip to make your later garden work easier: Once you have made your garden beds, let them ‘rest’ for 10 days or so before you plant. Weed seeds will sprout and can be easily removed, making later weeding much easier.

That’s a wrap for this garden plans for beginners article. Get out there and get growing!

Harmful Ingredients In Laundry Detergents

      No Comments on Harmful Ingredients In Laundry Detergents

An everyday activity like doing the laundry in your washing machine can have harmful effects on the health of your family. Many of the ingredient chemicals found in laundry detergents are far from healthy.

In fact, many of them contain cancer-causing chemicals, as well as other harmful toxins. As a consumer, you should familiarize with some of the common terminology that is often overlooked but may have longer lasting ramifications than ever before thought.

There are some very specific ingredients to watch out for and avoid when you examine the label on laundry detergent. Some of these chemicals have even been banned or restricted due to their noxious side effects.

One such common chemical found in laundry detergent are petroleum distillates, or napthas. Having been linked to cancer, lung damage and/or inflammation, and mucous membrane damage, this is a very harmful chemical.

Along the same lines, another family of harmful chemicals are phenols. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has declared that phenol is toxic to people, especially those who are hypersensitive. The hypersensitive population could experience very dangerous side effects or even death, even at low exposures. Additionally, it can absorb very rapidly, causing toxicity through the whole body.

Should phenol be absorbed into the body, death and toxicity are prone to attack the central nervous system, heart, blood vessels, lungs and kidneys.

Further, another active ingredient in laundry detergent is household bleach, or sodium hypochlorite. Responsible for the majority of household poisonings, this chemical is a forerunner to chlorine.

The results can be even more harmful when it reacts with other organic materials,. Carcinogenic and toxic compounds are created. These have been know to cause disorders or damage to the reproductive system as well as the immune and endocring systems.

With so many disadvantages to using traditional laundry detergents, it s no surprise that consumers are becoming more educated about what it takes to go green and make changes for the better in their own homes and in the world. From fragrance to whiteners, detergents have become increasingly dangerous to use, especially on a regular basis.

Many who have families do laundry on such a frequent basis that these dangers posed by toxins should not go ignored. As the awareness grows for the dangers of the chemicals found in laundry detergents and other similar products, companies will have to shift their focus to a greener, safer line of goods.

In order to reduce the use of these potentially harmful products, alternatives are constantly being developed that aim to be environmentally friendly, and healthier for us.

Niet Vergeten Als U Een Onkruidverdelger In De Tuin Gebruikt

Als een onkruidbestrijder verkeerd wordt toegepast of als de gebruiksaanwijzing niet goed wordt opgevolgd, kan er veel schade worden aangericht. Indien juist toegepast is het een nuttig en soms zelfs essentieel hulpmiddel voor de tuinierder, maar indien niet juist toegepast kan het uw geliefde tuin runeren en schadelijk zijn voor huisdieren, andere dieren en zelfs kinderen. De meeste amateur- en professionele tuinierders gebruiken onkruidbestrijders, vooral hobbytuinierders, dus er zijn wel een paar richtlijnen waaraan u zich moet houden.

Tuinonkruidbestrijders kunnen in verschillende vormen worden gekocht, zoals gel of korrels, maar de meest bekende is toch wel de fles met spuitmechanisme. Lees altijd de instructies die meestal op de zijkant van de fles zijn gedrukt en volg ze nauwkeurig op. Er zijn nog een paar instructies die moeten worden opgevolgd, die vooral gezond verstand vereisen en zeker de moeite waard zijn om te onthouden als u het product veilig wilt toepassen.

Gebruik geen overdadige hoeveelheden bestrijdingsmiddel, omdat u denkt dat het dan beter werkt en effectiever zal zijn. De aangegeven hoeveelheden in de gebruiksaanwijzing staan er om aan te geven hoe het middel het meest efficint werkt. Meer gebruiken dan wordt aangeraden kan gevaarlijk zijn. Het middel kan zich dan verspreiden naar planten in de buurt, die dan net als het onkruid dood gaan. Ook kan het zich verspreiden naar eventuele groenten of vruchten die u zou willen eten, hetgeen ziekte kan veroorzaken. Draag tijdens de toepassing van onkruidbestrijder beschermende handschoenen en bij wind ook een mondkapje, omdat het in uw mond kan waaien waarna u ziek zou kunnen worden.

Zorg dat u voor elke taak de juiste onkruidbestrijder kiest. Een middel met glyfosaat doodt alle planten waarmee het in aanraking komt, of dat nu onkruid, uw gazon of uw prachtige bloemen zijn. Gebruik het dus niet op uw grasveld en pas het voorzichtig toe op planten die u kwijt wilt. Zorg ook dat kinderen en huisdieren even niet in aanraking komen met een behandeld stuk tuin en lees de gebruiksaanwijzing, waarin staat wanneer het gebied weer veilig voor ze is.

Environmental degradation and pollution

      No Comments on Environmental degradation and pollution

With the increasing awareness day by day about the environmental degradation and pollution, the field of ecology has become an entirety in itself. The pace with which this stream of environmental science has progressed has invented a lot of newer terms with meanings totally unrelated to the common words. This demands the need for a dictionary that is exclusively designed for the purpose of housing terms related to ecology. This can be otherwise called as the ecology dictionary.

Ecology is all about how environment is maintained, degrades, and destroyed by human beings and the various harmful effects that come associated with the ecological imbalance. The gravity of this ecological imbalance has been well understood by the ecologists, one of the consequences of this is the emergence of newer terminologies in the science of ecology.

The actual beneficiaries of this ecology dictionary would be more than actually targeted. Now with the widespread campaigns towards a green future, more number of common people is exposed to these newly framed terminologies. So an ecology dictionary would be of great help to ecologists, scientists, students, and teachers and of course the common people.

Suppose you have to present a paper on the effects of ozone depletion, then surely you would have to confront a lot of newer terms like afforestation, deforestation, etc. it is not at all possible to find out the meanings of all this stuff in a normal dictionary. But with an ecology dictionary your job would be very easy.

Knowing all the terms and keeping yourself updated would mean that you can be well versed with the different terms in usage and their real meanings. This would help you in understanding things better and in the right meaning. With the exact meaning known, it would be very easy to under the various concepts of ecology.

What exactly is the purpose of knowing all these terms better! The clarity of concepts is essential in understanding science. For example you are reading an article on global warming where a lot of scientific terms have been used. Now you may read the article but with a lot of missing links. This can be solved only by having a good knowledge about the meaning of the words used. Next time when you are going to read or present a paper on the subject of ecology, do not forget to get a copy of the ecology dictionary.

Searching For Monet Cross Stitch Patterns

      No Comments on Searching For Monet Cross Stitch Patterns

Does the artwork of Claude Monet call to you? If it does, I’ve got great news for you! There are many cross stitch kits and cross stitch patterns for Monet’s paintings. Monet’s use of color is brilliant, making his artwork absolute beautiful. When you first start looking for Monet cross stitch patterns, consider which of his paintings is your favorite.

Through cross stitch, you can capture the drama of his paintings and create a keepsake for your family. These patterns can be a little complicated and may take some time to finish, so you’ll want to choose a painting you love.

If you enjoy cross stitching people, try looking for the kit that’s usually called Madame Monet and Child. It shows Monet’s loving wife, Camille sitting in a garden stitching while her young child plays nearby. The finished cross stitch project will be amazing. Another possibility would be Terrace at Sainte-Adresse which depicts couples relaxing on a flower-filled terrace. These kits and patterns can be purchased from several websites.

Another great Monet painting that can be found as a cross stitch pattern is The Woman with Parasol. This painting shows a woman walking through a field of flowers. Shading her during her walk is her parasol. Because this painting has the beauty of nature, as well as the beautiful young woman, it will be a joy to complete with its detail and color variations.

The River is another of Monet’s most famous paintings. This painting depicts a young woman sitting on the bank of a river. The houses on the opposite bank are reflected in the river’s water. The painting contains a great deal of detail and color variations. Once stitched, it creates a glorious piece of artwork suitable for any room in your house.

Perhaps you enjoy landscapes more. How about his famous painting, Irises? This lovely painting translates very well into a cross stitch pattern. The blues, purples, and greens create a truly memorably keepsake that you and your family will cherish. You also may enjoy his painting of Yellow Irises. It, too, features beautiful colors and exquisite detail.

If you need to brighten up a blank, white wall, you might consider stitching Monet’s Artist’s Garden at Giverny. The painting, based on an actual garden at Monet’s home, would make a colorful project. The garden, which inspired him create a series of paintings, shows the vibrant colors of the flowers he planted.

Monet’s water lilies paintings were loved by many people. You can find cross stitch patterns for most of them, including his White Water Lilies. The interesting thing about these particular works is they capture both the beauty of the flowers as well as the shading of the water in the pond.

What if you have Japanese elements throughout your home? Monet completed a series of Japanese paintings that have been converted to cross stitch. The Japanese Footbridge uses a variety of colors that will complement most homes, and will almost be as much of a work of art when you’re finished as the original.

To avoid eye strain, you may find it helpful to invest in a larger print pattern. Cross stitch Monet patterns tend to have great detailing, so the larger type may be a wise choice.

Claude Monet, one of the worlds’ most gifted impressionists, created many beautiful paintings. Luckily, Monet cross stitch patterns are available for those of us who love to cross stitch. When you finish one of the Monet cross stitch patterns, not only will you have a wonderful family heirloom, but you’ll be able to enjoy the beauty of his paintings. How can you go wrong with a combination like that?

Garden Design London For A Neat, Nice Looking Garden

      No Comments on Garden Design London For A Neat, Nice Looking Garden

A good garden and landscape design is not only relaxing but a smart option to add to the beauty of your home or commercial space as well. Garden design offers a refreshing new look to your home. Now all houses do not have the space for a beautiful garden but if you are one among those lucky ones who have it then you can always try to make it more appealing to the eyes. Nonetheless, if you have less space and still want to create a space for garden then consider garden design London services.

With professionals at work, you can find designs that would be creative enough to add a new look to the outer space at your home. On the other hand, you can even consider professional expertise and to pep up the existing garden at the same time. Garden and landscape designers London offers different attractive designs. Hiring professional companies is worth considering in terms of quality service, style and elegance delivered to meet all your requirements.

With the growing need of beautiful garden among residential and commercial clients, most garden design London companies have come up with pleasing garden and landscape designs which is something that requires creativity at its best. Hence it wont be wise enough to design a garden yourself. You can easily find different designers online to carry forward the work ensuring attractive designs and quality service.

Garden design London companies stress on style, quality and elegance in terms of delivering you the best service. Therefore, going for the garden and landscape design companies is considered the best idea. These companies are coming up online in order to fulfill the growing need of garden and landscape designs among people. These companies offer customer satisfaction and quality by putting your ideas into reality.

You will find different garden design London companies dealing with best quality designs and offering quality designs to the customers. Grabbing a reputable company will prove to be very useful. Browse through the Internet in order to research for a good company.

A good garden design company not only ensures quality at work but also utilize their resources to enhance the beauty of your commercial and residential space. You can view their earlier projects online. Most companies have photo gallery of their recent client works. Some even offer you with garden tools, supplies equipments and furniture to add beauty and elegance.

Home and Garden Spas 3-Person 31-Jet Hot Tub Review

      No Comments on Home and Garden Spas 3-Person 31-Jet Hot Tub Review

If you want to experience the joys of owning a hot tub but you’re limited for space outdoors then a 3 person hot tub could be ideal for you. Besides the space factor, it is more intimate to relax in a smaller hot tub with your loved one so you may also be drawn to one for this benefit.

The Home and Garden Spas 3-Person 31-Jet Hot Tub is a user friendly, small hot tub designed to be easy to maintain whilst still providing relaxing and therapeutic effects. Home and Garden Spas have a great reputation for producing high quality hot tubs which have been manufactured with energy efficient methodologies so their range is well worth looking at.

Features of the Home and Garden Spas 3-Person 31-Jet Hot Tub

– 3 Person capacity, includes Lounger – 31 jets – User friendly topside controls – Ozonator system – 6 horse power 2-stage pump – 9-Colored LED lighting

3 Person capacity

This hot tub is designed to accommodate 3 people so it’s a perfect choice for couples or a small family. The dimensions are 80- W x 60- L. Due to its small size it is a space saver as well as being economical because less water is required to be heated up to fill it.

31 interchangeable jets

31 stainless steel jets are included which provide a therapeutic experience to help relax your body. The jets are powered by a powerful 6 HP pump so the jets are both powerful and effective.

There are 3 different types of jets used to direct water at different areas of your body;

– The Whirlpool Jets provide a high amount of water pressure to be focused on a small area to give you a massage type feeling which produces a beneficial hydrotherapy.

– The Pressure Point Jets focus on pressure points in your shoulders, neck, calves and feet to help relieve muscle tension and increase circulation.

– The Therapy Jets create a swirling motion which is ideal for reliving neck tension and strain or for sensitive nerves.

Ozonator system

An Ozonator system has been factory installed so the hot tub will be kept cleaner which reduces the need for chemical sanitizers to be used, keeping operating costs lower down. Many hot tubs require you to purchase an Ozonator system separately so I was pleased to see one is included.

9-Colored LED lighting

The LED lighting is a nice inclusion. This enhances the atmosphere, as well as adds to the safety and lets you choose a lighting scheme to reflect your mood.

Final Thoughts

This isn’t a standalone hot tub so you’ll need to get an electrician to install a dedicated 220v system so it isn’t for those looking for a plug n play solution.

Overall, the Home and Garden Spas 3-Person 31-Jet Hot Tub is an excellent choice if you’re looking for a high quality small hot tub for outdoor use. It’s pricey for 3 person hot tub, but considering the features packed in, the power of the jet system and its energy efficiency it is a solid investment.

For more information on the Home and Garden Spas 3-Person 31-Jet Hot Tub visit Hot Tubs Reviews

How Do Solar Powered Security Lights Work

      No Comments on How Do Solar Powered Security Lights Work

We take the sun for granted. Every day we wake up to it. We enjoy its warmth, and its light. But it can do so much more than just warm us up. It generates huge amounts of energy in the form of light. The sun produces more energy than all the power stations in the world combined so it seems a shame to waste it. We could use it to power toasters, fridges, TVs MP3 players, factories and much more.

Solar powered security lights need no electricity; they are powered by the suns energy. They are designed to work all year round, even in the UK where we have a lot of cloud cover. The suns energy is so great that it passes through clouds, albeit not so strong, meaning solar powered security lights will work even on cloudy days in the UK. Because they dont require any mains electricity they are green and can be used just about anywhere.

Solar powered security lights are made up of three primary items; the solar panel, the light unit and the PIR (switch).

Solar panel.
The sun produces a range of energy. We can only see the visible white light produced by the sun. Specific rays of a different wavelength to visible white light produced by the sun are collected using the solar panel also known as a photovoltaic panel (PV). The solar panel is made of lots of electrodes covered in a conductive solution. When the sunlight, or daylight, shine son these electrodes they create an electric current. This electricity is clean, environmentally friendly electricity in the form of Direct Current (DC). Solar panels are static energy producers. They have no moving parts which could break and are completely silent making them perfect for residential use.
This electricity passes down a wire to the batteries inside the light unit.

Light unit.
The light unit is made up of three things, the light, the PIR (motion) detector and the batteries.
The batteries are usually located within the light unit. These are charged daily by the DC electricity produced by the solar panel. The amount of electricity produced to charge the batteries is dependent on how strong the sun is and how many hours of daylight there is. Also, the greater the size of the solar panel, the more electricity which can be produced. The batteries then store this energy until it gets dark, when they power the light every time the unit is triggered.

Security lights often need to be very bright so that they can illuminate large areas. Mains powered security lights use halogen bulbs. These produce very strong, bright light. However, halogen bulbs use a great deal of power. These bulbs are no good for solar powered lights as they will use up the power stored in the batteries far too quickly.
Instead, solar security lights use LEDs (light emitting diodes). LEDs only use very small amounts of energy making them ideal for solar powered lighting. Used on their own these are not as bright as a halogen bulb, but use 30 or more together and you can produce the same amount of light as a halogen bulb would but with far less energy consumption. LEDs also last for extremely long periods of time meaning that dont need replacing like halogen bulbs.

PIR sensor.
Security lights work when motion is detected at night. If the movement of a person or animal occurs within a certain range of the light a switch is triggered, turning the light on and illuminating whoever or whatever caused the light to be triggered. This movement is detected by a PIR (Passive Infrared) sensor. This sensor is just like a switch that turns the light on. These sensors can usually be adjusted so that they work depending on how dark it is, known as the LUX, and they time how long the light should illuminate.

When all of these components are used together you have an extremely energy efficient security light which can be mounted almost anywhere making it perfect for illuminating alleyways, homes, gardens, driveways and just about anywhere you can think of.

Spring Season – Make Our Garden or Outdoor a Better Place

We live in the part of the world in which there are distinct seasons such as spring, summer, autumn and winter. Winter is a difficult season for plants as well as animals; the number of hours of daylight is shorter so there is less sunlight, and without it green plants cannot photosynthesize and make their food. Cold temperatures of winter slow them down and stop their growth. Some plants especially perennial plants, survive through the winter in resting stages. Other plants don’t survive, they grow, reproduce and die at the end of summer and their seeds may survive through winter. A dream of every home owner is to have their home and garden or outdoor look beautiful and attracting. Garden or outdoor dcor refers to the decoration using different accessories that can bring the beautiful and attractive look. -The outside of our home tells how the inside looks’, if the garden or outdoor is charming, everything inside our home looks good! Every year as spring rings its bells, everyone remembers his forgotten garden or outdoor. Flowers are planted and the old dcor is placed back in the garden or the new dcor is purchased.

Many garden accessories can bring a new look to your garden and make it a better place where to relax and have fun. These accessories include birdbaths, birdfeeders, birdhouses, garden furniture and statues, gnomes, hammocks, planters and pots, plants, lighting, water fountain, and windchimes.

Tips to make your garden or outdoor attracting: Dcor arrangement: Depending on how big your garden may be, many things can be placed in there, especially flowers and others plants or accessories. As you build your garden, make a center which can be a statue, water fountain or water fall and build the rest around.

Choosing color: Your flowers and your dcor accessories must exhibit a color that makes your garden look fabulous. Some colors don’t match and others have a different meaning if they are used. With a good combination of color your garden can shine and the diversity of colors may make it an exhilarating place.

Water fountain or water fall: Though these features seem to be costly, their placement in the garden brings an outstanding attraction. As people contemplate the moving water and its sound, they just forget their problems. A garden with these features may become a healing place for stressed people.

Correct use of planters and containers: For an elegant garden dcor, you may need to carefully choose the planters and containers that hold your plants. Though flowers and other plants are mostly planted in the garden, there may be additional flowers in planters or pots. This is very important, as some planters or pots add a specific and beautiful look to your garden or outdoor. They can also be placed anywhere, whether on patio, faade, pathway or indoor. Lights: Lighting makes the garden stands out in the night. Your garden pathways must be lighted. Using some lamps you can also give light beams to some specific trees in your garden and this makes them to be seen in the night.

The garden dcor adds beauty to your garden or outdoor. Sure, your flowers and other plants are the ultimate dcor; however, the right garden dcor can really make your garden attractive and beautiful. The most important thing to remember when searching for garden dcor is making your garden or outdoor charming and a place where to relax or have fun!

For more information on garden dcor, please visit http://www.mygardendecoration.com – a supplier of high quality birdbaths, birdfeeders, birdhouses, garden furniture and statues, gnomes, hammocks, planters and pots, plants, lighting (solar powered), water fountain, and windchimes, and garden tools.

ALIENATION IN ANITA DESAI`S ` CRY, THE PEACOCK`

      5 Comments on ALIENATION IN ANITA DESAI`S ` CRY, THE PEACOCK`

Alienation in Anita Desai’s Cry, the peacock

by RAM SHARMA, LECTURER IN ENGLISH, J.V.P.G COLLEGE, BARAUT, BAGHPAT, U.P. 30-04-2002

Anita Desai is a dominant figure in the twentieth century Indian English fiction. She has given a new direction to Indian English literature. Her novels are considered to be the great contribution to the Indian English literature. She started her literary journey with the publication of her first novel Cry, the Peacock in 1963. The 1960’s scattered a sense of great dejection and gloom all over India. In 1962 china obtain a victory over India and this defeat brought a sense of disgrace and humiliation to the hearts of Indians. During this period of dejection and humiliation, Anita Desai’s novel Cry, the Peacock published. Perhaps she must have had a nag of disillusionment in her subconscious mind, which came before us in the form of the novel Cry, the Peacock. She has measured the individual level of the abondoned self of her characters. Desai has delineated the self-alienation, despair, death, desolation and socio-psychic fragmentation of the protagonist. Through this article I have made a humble attempt to discover the meaning of alienation and inner life of Desai’s protagonist Maya in the novel Cry, the Peacock. I was, being human, borne alone; I am, being woman, hard beset; I live by squeezing from a stone The little nourishment I get1.

Every wife yearns for the intense intimacy with her husband. But in Cry, the Peacock the protogonist Maya receives hostility and indifference rather than delicacy and affection. In this novel Desai presents the silence, solitude, meloncholy and dark world of shadows in Maya’s life. Cry, the Peacock is concerned with its chief protagonist Maya’s Psychological problems. Based on the mythological and archetypal images and symbols, this novel explores the hidden and dormant impulses of Maya’s psyche. As a young sensitive girl, Maya desires to love and to be loved. She marries the friend of her father, Gautama, who is much older than herself. She belongs to a traditional Brahmin family which believes in astrology and other prophetic strains of Brahmanical order. On the other hand, Gautama’s family represents the rational side of life. Thus Maya is haunted constantly by the rationalistic approach of her husband to the affairs of life. Maya loves Gautama passionately and desires to be loved in return; but Gautama’s coldness disappoints her2. They are different with each other in tradition and modernity, trust and distrust in human relationships, brahmanical and non-brahmanical order of the society. The prophecy of albino astrologer creates a fear psychosis in Maya’s mind: The astrologer, that creeping sly magician of my hallucinations-no of course they were not hallucination, Arjuna had proved them to me, and yet-could they be real? had never said anything to suggest that it was I who would die young, unnatural and violently, four years after my marriage, nothing to suggest that he even thought that3. The astrologer’s prophecy proves to be true in the case of Maya’s brother, Arjuna. Gautama as a rationalist, fails to understand Maya’s emotional mental state. In the first part of the novel the death of her pet dog Toto serves as the symbol of an abondoned self doomed to loneliness: All day the body lay rotting in the sun. It could not be moved on to the verandah for, in that April heat, the reek of dead flesh was over powering and would soon have penetrated the rooms. So she moved the little string bed on which it lay under the lime trees, where there was a cool agueous shade, saw its eyes open and staring still, screamed and rushed to the garden tap to wash the vision from her eyes, continued to cry and ran, defeated, into the house4.

Maya feels alianation due to the death of Toto. It was intolerable to her. The death of dog indicates the eternal truth in human life. The idea of death terrifies Maya and she is obsessed with it. She is badly disturbed by the indifference of her husband Gautama to the death of dog and it shows his carelessness towards his wife. Because Maya is a childless lady and Toto was like a child to her. Both of them have different views about death. Gautam thinks death to be a normal event while Maya is disturbed by it. The second part of the novel reveals Maya’s psychic depth and narrates the tragic death of Maya’s husband Gautama. Maya and Gautama have different approaches towards life. Gautama is a lawyer. In his family one did not speak about love and affection and spoke of parliament, cases of bribery and corruption revealed in government while Maya’s family champions human values and rights. She is very sensitive and cannot ignore her feelings. Maya wants her fulfilment as a woman and as a wife. But her father like husband does not soothe her burning heart. She opts for an ideal love. Maya symbolizes the pangs of the peacock mating, narrates the secrets in the following lines: Do you not hear the Peacock call in the wilds? Are they not blood chilling, their shrieks of pain? – Pia, Pia-, they cry -Lover, Lover Mio, mio – I die I die-. ….. They spread-out their splended tails and begin to dance, but, like shiva’s their dance, knowing that they and their lovers are all to die….. when they have exhausted themselves in battle, they will mate. Peacock are wise. The hundred eyes upon their tales have seen the truth of life and death, and know them to be one. Living they are in love with life. – Lover, Lover-, you will hear them cry in the forests when the rain clouds come, – Lover, I die- …….5

The anguished shriek for mating, the crying and the yearning for the male peacock reaches out to Maya but not Gautama. She asks Gautama to hear the call -Pia, Pia-, but Gautama remains listless to the cry. He has no sexual and passionate urge towards her. Maya, the -pea-hen’ fails to have her instincts fulfilled from Gautama, the -peacock’. She feels loneliness, isolation and desertion. Gautama is a self controlled reasonable, dutiful and worldly wise man. He did not try to soothe her. Maya knows about the insensitive and indifferent nature about her husband. She says:

……he knew nothing that concerned me. Giving me an opal ring to wear on my finger, he did not notice the translucent skin beneath, the blue fleshing veins that ran under and out of the bridge of gold and jolted me into smiling with pleasure each time I saw it. Telling me to go to sleep while he worked at his papers, he did not give another thought to me, to either the soft, willing body or the lonely, wanting mind that waited near his bed6.

Maya aspires for human love. She yearns to be loved by Gautama’s family members. But the cold behaviour & indifference of Gautama’s family members disappoints her: And I yearned, yearned for her to hold me to her bosom. I could not remember my own mother at all. My throat began to swell with unbearable self-pity. I would cry, I know it in a while, and dreaded it, in their same presence. -Please, I whispered’7….

In this passage the last word -please- is the expression of Maya’s inner psyche. She is a love-lorn lady. She wishes that her mother-in-law should stay with her. The word -Please- reflects the pangs of a modern sensitive lady and her helplessness in the human world. The constant anxiety and loneliness breed in her delusion. The hallucination born of her isolation and lonely temperament make her a psychic patient. A mental shock produces an injurious effect on her subconscious mind. This trauma leading to an obsession in her psyche. Another shocking effect upon Maya’s psyche is the prophecy of an astrologer about her future that after four years of their marriage one of them would die either husband, or wife. After four years of her marriage she recollects about this prophecy:

…… we had been married four years. It was as though the moon light had withered the shadows in my mnd as well, leaving it all dead-white, or dead-black. When the drums fell silent and the moon began to sink over the trees, I knew the time had come. It was now to be either Gautam, or I8.

The constant sound of prophecy of the astrologer haunts her waking and sleeping hours. She spent many sleepless nights due to regular process of day dreaming, nightmares and constant fear. This anxiety phobia makes an unconscious journey through her dreams to an unknown world: Yet, once I fall asleep, the dream dissolves quickly into a nightmare in which a row of soft, shaggy, frailfooted bear shamble through a dance…….. By a grotesque transformation, the bears are rendered into a lonely, hounded herd of gentle, thoughtful visitors from a forgotten mountain-land and the gibbering, cavorting human beings are seen as monsters from some prehistoric age, gabbling and gesticulating, pointing at their genitals, turning their backs and raising their tails, with stark madness in their faces……9

In this passage, one wonders to see a world of dreams beyond human imagination. It is a bizarre world. The phrase -monsters from prehistoric age- refers to the pre-unconscious level of human mind. Human mind when faced with the worries and anxities of life traces for its recesses of pre conscious level of human psyche. The passge becomes a wonderful example for the repressed desires and obsessions of the unconscious mind. The grotesque figure of the bear is followed by some horrifying sights like -gibbling-, -cavorting- human beings as -monsters-. They are with definitive absured gestures, pointing out their genitals and then showing their behaviour with -stark madness-. This bizarre world of animals world symbolizes sexual obsessions of Maya. The sight of it becomes representative of Maya’s inherent fear for death10. Thus Maya’s loneliness, obsession, seclusion, unfulfilled womanhood, emotional stimuli unrestness, debilitative husband and over-ridden death phobia make her neurotic in her behaviour. He insanity grows more and more. Her growing insanity and neurotic behavour is approaching near some disaster. She whoops and produce a sound -like an antic owl- 11. Before mirror she giggles -at the absurd image- 12.

She finally invites her husband to follow her for fresh air out of the room. She leads him upstairs on the roof. Gautama follows her upstairs on to the roof and she hears the sound of -an owl- for an ill-omen. She in a fit of maddening fury, thrust him down the roof. He falls down to the very bottom and dies13.

In the third part of the novel she also dies, Thus this alienation and solitude between husband-wife relationship brought out their death. The novel Cry, the Peacock describes the reasons and consequences of alienation in the relationship between Gautama and Maya. Maya’s neurotic behaviour is due to her intense alienation. Both husband and wife have different attitudes towards life. This attitude alienates them from each other. Maya’s isolation haunts her no more as she kills her husband in a fit of maddening fury. It is alienation which brings a disastrous end of their life.

Works cited

1-Elinor Wylie, -Let No Charitable Hope-, cited by Polly N. Chenoy in Indian Journal of American Studies, Vol. 13 No.2 (July 1983), p.172. 2-O.P. Budholia’s Anita Desai -Vision and Technique in her novels’ Published by B.R. Publishing Corporation (2001), p. 3. 3-Anita Desai, Cry, the Peacock (New Delhi: Orient Paperbacks, ) p. 4-Ibid p. 5-Ibid p. 6-Ibid p. 7-Ibid p. 8-Ibid p. 9-Ibid p. 10-O.P. Budholia’s Anita Desai -Vision and Technique in her novels’ Published by B.R. Publishing Corporation (2001), p. 138-139. 11-Anita Desai, Cry, the Peacock (New Delhi: Orient Paperbacks, ) p. 12-Ibid p. 13-O.P. Budholia’s Anita Desai -Vision and Technique in her novels’ Published by B.R. Publishing Corporation (2001), p. 140.

30-04-2002